Count of orphan G protein-coupled receptors

The relatively recently discovered cannabinoid receptors has me wondering how many other neuroreceptors may be left to discover. One way to estimate the number of these is to screen the genome and look for sequences that look like receptors. This paper says that people have done that for the special case of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), and that the result is that, excluding receptors involved in “chemosensory responses such as taste and olfaction”, there are “367 receptors (1), of which some 200 have been shown to bind known transmitters (3). This leaves about 160 orphan GPCRs that are not activated by any known transmitters and thus are genes with unknown function.”


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s